Solar power in India is the fastest developing industry. There are 300 clear and sunny days in a year. The calculated solar energy incidence on India’s land area is about 5000 trillion kilowatt-hours (kWh) per year. The solar energy in India available for a single year exceeds the possible energy output of all of the fossil fuel energy reserves.
Our country’s solar installed capacity has reached 26 GW as of 30th September 2018. India expanded its solar-generation capacity 8 times from 2,650 MW on 26 May 2014 to over 20 GW as on 31 January 2018. The government had targeted 20 GW capacities by 2022, but ironically, the power producing states in India achieved the target 4 years ahead of the schedule.India made this possible because of the drastic improvements in solar thermal storage power technology in recent years.
Solar energy-producing states in India are leading the renewable energy revolution around the world.
Let’s have a look at top 5 solar states in India that impacted on solar power in last few years:
Karnataka exceeds by standing at the top of the list. It’s the no 1 solar state of India exceeding 5,000 MW installed capacity by the end of the financial year 2017-18. It represents 24% of the market share of the total installed capacity in India as of 2018. The Pavagada Solar Park is the Karnataka’s solar energy producers. It has an installed capacity of 600 MW. In addition, it’s aiming for ultimate 2,000 MW installed capacity by the end of the year 2020.
Telangana ranks second in the list when it comes to solar energy generation capacity in India. It has a solar power generation capacity of 3400 MW. It further aims at achieving a capacity of 5000 MW by 2022.
The Andhra Pradesh has more than 2049 MW of installed photovoltaic capacity as on 31st July 2017. 1000 MW was commissioned at Kurnool Ultra Mega Solar Park which has become the world’s largest solar power plant as of October 2017.
Rajasthan is said to be one of India’s most solar-developed states. It has total photovoltaic capacity reaching 2289 MW by the end of June 2018. The Dhirubhai Ambani solar park in Rajasthan is the world’s largest Fresnel type 125 MW CSP plant. Jodhpur has installed capacity over 1500 MW.
Tamil Nadu stands at the 5th position as highest operating solar-power capacity in India as of May 2018. It has a total operating capacity of 1.8 GW. The Kamuthi Solar Power Project is the biggest operating project in the state with 640 MW.
Upcoming solar power plants
The Rewa Solar Park in Madhya Pradesh, India will be one of the biggest solar plants in the world with a proposed solar capacity of 750 MW. It is said that most of the energy produced by the Rewa plant will be sold to the Delhi Metro to reduce its dependence on traditional energy means.
In conclusion, India has set out a solid infrastructure to be the essential part of the energy future. It is well on its approach to turning into a major solar nation in the next decade or so. In other word, the sun would surely shine bright in India’s future.