Concentrated Solar Thermal (CST)

Overview of Concentrated Solar Power Solutions

When sun sets or gets blocked by clouds, there is a reduction or curtailed energy production in the usage of solar energy. This is one of the major problem facing the widespread use of solar energy. This is where the thermal energy storage comes into the picture. Concentrated solar power provides a workable solution to this problem.

What is Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)?

Concentrating solar power (also known as concentrated solar thermal (CST)) systems generate solar power by mirrors or lenses to concentrate a large area of sunlight, or solar thermal energy, onto a small area. Therefore, it generates electricity when the concentrated light gets converted to heat, which drives a heat engine (usually a steam turbine) connected to an electrical power.

In simpler words, the Concentrating Solar Thermal Power Systems (CSTs) concentrate the Solar Power to create steam to drive steam turbines and generate electricity. For Instance, we can use the generated steam for applications like heating water bodies and so on.

How can we help you?

Apollo Power Systems seeks a comprehensive range of flexible, integrated solutions varying from complete turnkey Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) plants to individual components. In addition, we drive towards meeting the challenging environments and stringent customer specifications by providing satisfiable concentrated solar thermal power solutions.

In conclusion, Apollo is one of the best concentrated solar power company in India. We design, develop and deploy solar thermal technology to produce high-value electricity around the world. Watch our short video clip on how CSP works.

 

 

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Apollo’s Concentrated Solar Thermal Power Solutions
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Concentrating Solar Power

Concentrated Solar Thermal Power Solutions System in Action:

Concentrated Solar Thermal (CST) System Components

Component 1 – Chasis

  • Manufactured with Precision Laser Cut Parts
  • Galvanized Mild steel Structure
  • Light Weight
  • Designed for High Wind Speeds

Component 2: Gear Box

  • Dual Axis tracking Slew Gear Box Design
  • Independent Gear Box for Elevation & Azimuth Control
  • DC Servo Motors for Precise Control

Component 3: Reflector

  • Identical High Reflective Index Mirrors
  • Mirrors Concentrate and Focus Energy 600 X
  • Each Mirror Area Approx. – 1 Meter X 1 Meter
  • Small Focal Point of 2 Inch X 2 Inch
  • Manufactured from Rio Glass

Component 4: Receiver

  • Specially Designed for Maximum Heat transfer
  • Can House CPV Cell for Electricity Generation
  • Actively Cooled
  • Focal Point of the System

Component 5: Electronics

  • Tracking Controller on Each System
  • System Controller to Control the Whole Array
  • Sensors to Monitor Wind Speeds
  • Sensors to Monitor Temperature and Flow

Edge Over Competition

1. Maximum Energy Generation

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2. Maximum Conversion Efficiency

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3. Low Physical Footprint

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4. Reliability

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Maximum Energy Generation

  • Tracking the Sun like a Sunflower allows us to gather and convert more sun to energy.
  • The high efficiency combined with tracking, means the system is always pointing at the Sun, gathering the most of the Sun’s rays and converting it to power.
  • On a good day, Quadsun can produce up to 70% more energy than other Solar Technologies.

Maximum Conversion Efficiency

  • The high reflectivity and precise parabolic mirrors combined with very efficient receivers maximize conversion of sunlight.
  • The hot water solution has a unique design that allows benchmark heat rate transfers from the receiver to the medium that needs to be heated.

Low Physical Footprint – Minimal Space

Quadsun systems need close to only half the space required to generate the same amount of energy as compared to other technologies.

A low footprint is the outcome of tracking the sun using high efficiency cells.

Flat Plate Collector - FPC

Quadsun CST-H3500

Evacuated Tube Collector - ETC

Minimum Collector Area in M²
= 1.5
Minimum Collector Area in M²
= 4.4
Minimum Collector Area in M²
= 2
Temperature Difference Delta T in °C = 20Temperature Difference Delta T in °C = 20Temperature Difference Delta T in °C = 20
Hot water output in Liters Per Day - LPD
= 100
Hot water output in Liters Per Day - LPD
= 750
Hot water output in Liters Per Day - LPD
=100
Collector Area for 5000 LPD Capacity in M²
= 75
Collector Area for 5000 LPD Capacity in M²
= 26.4
Collector Area for 5000 LPD Capacity in M²
= 100
Number of Collectors in Nos
= 50
Number of Collectors in Nos
= 6
Number of Collectors in Nos
= 50
Temperature Difference Delta T in °C
= 20
Temperature Difference Delta T in °C
= 20
Temperature Difference Delta T in °C
= 20
Hot water output in Liters Per Day - LPD
= 5000
Hot water output in Liters Per Day - LPD
= 5000
Hot water output in Liters Per Day - LPD
= 5000
Collector Area for 5000 LPD with shadow clearances in M² = 85Collector Area for 5000 LPD with shadow clearances in M² = 54Collector Area for 5000 LPD with shadow clearances in M² = 110

Reliability

CST - Reliability | Apollo Power Systems

  • Chassis manufactured with Laser cut parts
  • Galvanized chassis for rust free life
  • Die Casted Gearbox
  • Slew Gearbox design for Azimuth and Elevation Tracking
  • DC Brushless Stepper Motors for Precision Sun-Tracking
  • Specially tooled Tempered mirrors with maximum reflectivity
  • Mirrors tooled by Rioglass
  • Specially designed Receiver for Maximum Heat Exchange
    • The structure designed for wind speeds up to 120 Kmph
    • Customized Sun tracking Algorithm and Electronics
    • Field control Electronics using reliable components
    • Sensors to monitor wind speed and temperature
    • Flow switch to monitor proper water flow
    • Flow meters to record water flow
    • Components with best MTBF
    • Product Tested and Approved by NISE – National Institute of Solar Energy,/a>

 

 

Concentrated Solar Thermal (CST) Application Areas

CST Application for people who are into:

  • Hotels
  • Resorts
  • Apartments
  • Hospitals
  • Colleges
  • Laundry and Dry Cleaners
  • Swimming Pool Heating
  • Cooking and Food Preparation
  • Space Heating
  • Cleaning and Hygiene
  • Boiler Pre-Heating

& many more…

CST Application caters to the following industries:

  • Dairy Industry
  • Fruits and Vegetables
  • Pasteurization Plants
  • Breweries
  • Food Processing
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Pulp and Paper
  • Sugar
  • Tea and Tobacco
  • Sugar Industries

& many more…

CST Application also caters to the following industries:

  • Waste Water Management
  • Desalination Plants
  • Textile Industries
  • Automobile Industries
  • Leather Industries
  • Plastics and Polymers
  • Petroleum Refineries
  • Electroplating and Galvanizing
  • Wood and Furniture

& many more…